Because the music industry is not part of the NACE classification used by the UN and the EU to group industries, we must create a map to identify elements of the music industry.
ESSnet-Culture recommends mapping in six functions:
- the creation of music, which is the creation of new music works;
- its production, which is the production of a recorded or a live performance;
- dissemination, which is music distribution and concert/festival promotion;
- education and training;
- management and regulation.
The music industry is not only a Creative and Cultural Industry (CCI) but also a Copyright-based industry. It is based on copyright in music and lyrics and copyright in sound recordings.
ESSnet-Culture recommends a data map for bridging national, currently NACE Rev 2 statistics with the music industry statistics. In our experience, this is hardly satisfactory for several reasons. Most functions of the music industry are performed by microenterprises, artists, freelancers who are not on the map: their recorded activity is different, or they perform various tasks in any or several of the functions.
CEEMID uses a functional approach for mapping based on the three income streams model. The three incomes streams model is a value chain model that connects creation, production and dissemination in the live performances, the recordings and the authors’ (or copyright) “stream” of value creation.
For business analysis, creation, production and dissemination are the important functions. However, in policy analysis, preservation, education and training, management and regulation are also crucial functions.
We are surveying music industry professionals in their primary and secondary roles, such as being a “sound engineer” in the first place and a “performing artist” as a secondary role. We also take not of auxiliary roles which are very typical in creative industries, and especially in music. A performing artist may be involved in the manufacturing of merchandise, may have some music journalism and education activities in her portfolio, and occasionally may work as a sound engineer in music clubs.
We are collecting and compiling statistics from enterprises along the three income streams. In the recording industry they tend to overlap well with NACE categories, however, in live performances they tend to overlap with other performing arts such as theatre or comedy. Generally, there are strong overlaps among CCIs as well. An enterprise may be involved in sound recording, the film industry, television or radio broadcasting and advertising, for example.